Dating royal dux marks
Cliches and expressions are listed alphabetically according to their key word, for example, 'save your bacon' is listed under 'b' for bacon.
In the year 1794 the first Bohemian porcelain was produced in the town of Klösterle (today Klášterec) and further production facilities started to develop rapidly in the region around the former town of Carlsbad (today Karlovy Vary) as kaolin deposits could be found there.
Royal Dux is the more common name for the Duxer Porzellanmanufaktur, which was founded by E.
Eichler in Dux, Bohemia (now Duchov, Czech Republic), in 1860.
With the increasing use of ceramic marks in the 19th century, a large proportion of English pottery and porcelain can be accurately identified and often dated.
'England':- Inclusion of the word 'England' in marks denotes a date after 1891, although some manufacturers (Thomas Elsmore & Sons for example) added the word slightly before this date. It was William Mc Kinley (the 25th president of the USA) who introduced the highly protectionist Mc Kinley Tariff Act of 1890 - this imposed tariffs on many imports (including pottery) in order to make it easier for the American manufacturers to sell their products.